What is Orthopaedics?
Orthopaedics is a medical specialty that focuses on the human musculoskeletal system, and at the forefront of orthopaedic treatments are orthopedic surgeons. Also known as the locomotor system, the musculoskeletal system is responsible for all of our physical movements. It is made up of the bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints and connective tissues that supports and binds the tissues and organs together. Orthopaedic procedures and treatments include diagnosis, prevention, treatment or correction (surgical and non-surgical), and rehabilitation and physiotherapy. Different orthopaedic disorders require different procedures, hence the importance of having competent medical experts to perform the diagnosis.
Common Orthopaedic Disorders in Youths
Modern-day youths are often active in sports, and commit to nine-to-five jobs. This translates into a higher frequency of sports-related injuries like bone fractures (acute and stress), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, dislocated joints, carpal tunnel syndrome, and more.
Common Orthopaedic Disorders in The Elderly
The elderly are more susceptible to backaches as the discs in their neck and lower back have already degenerated, which could lead to chronic back pains that usually cause discomfort that lasts for a lifetime. Osteoporosis and arthritis are two of the more common orthopaedic disorders in the elderly, given the increased likelihood of having brittle bones during old age, and the accumulation of wear-and-tear damage over the years, respectively.
What To Expect From Orthopaedic Treatments and Surgeries
According to our medical marvels, orthopaedic treatments that require no surgical intervention such as rehabilitation exercises will require you to commit a set amount of time on a weekly or monthly basis. It requires a change in schedule, new-found discipline and mental determination. Commit to it with sheer discipline and you will regain that strength and flexibility you once had.
If you require an orthopaedic surgery, our medical marvels will suggest that you prepare yourself for intensive orthopaedic rehabilitation in order to correct the musculoskeletal limitations as a result of the surgery, and alleviate pain suffered from the trauma. Rehabilitation requires both physical and mental preparation, as you will be physically-challenged for most of the recovery phase, and you might never be as agile as you once were after fully recovering. Furthermore, there will also be a physical scar on the affected area. Tough times won’t last forever. All you have to do is to be determined and optimistic and you will be in marvelous shape once again.
Other pre- and post surgery what-to-expects include:
– Fast for at least 8 hours before the surgery
– Temporarily discontinuing any medications you are taking, unless advised otherwise by the treating doctor
– What you are allowed to do
– What you are allowed to eat
Imaging Diagnostic Technologies in Malaysia
Musculoskeletal disorders can only be detected with imaging diagnostic technologies like x-rays. In Malaysia, we not only own some of the finest x-ray equipment, but also CT scans, ultrasound machines, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners. From the bones to blood vessels, soft tissues and even tendon tears and tiny calcifications – we have the machinery to detect them all in order to provide you with the most accurate diagnosis and the most marvelous treatments.
Orthopaedic Treatments in Malaysia
Here are some of the orthopaedic procedures that Malaysia’s medical marvels specialise in:
This is the next level of orthopaedic diagnostic tests. Used to diagnose orthopaedic disorders that concern the joints, this surgical procedure with minimal invasion is able to accurately detect the underlying issue with an arthroscope. It can also be used as a method of treatment.
ii. Total Knee Replacement
This surgical procedure is a treatment for patients with knee joints that are damaged as a result of arthritis, osteoarthritis, various traumas, etc. A prosthesis will be inserted between the end of the femur bone and the tibia. If necessary, prosthesis may also be added under the surface of the patella (kneecap).
iii. Total Hip Replacement
This surgical procedure is a treatment for patients with damaged hip joints. When hip pain limits one’s everyday activities, especially when you can’t even get a good night’s rest, this surgery becomes necessary. Much like total knee replacement, the damaged bone and cartilage will be replaced with prosthesis.
iv. Knee Reconstruction
Unlike knee replacement, knee reconstruction replaces only the knee joints with prosthesis. Some prefer this over total knee replacement because it does not require follow-up surgeries to tighten or replace the prosthesis.
v. Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy
Rehabilitation and physiotherapy are post-surgery treatments, often in the form of physical exercises. However, there are cases where rehab and physio are the only treatments required, eliminating the need for surgical procedures.
Are orthopaedic disorders plaguing your way of life? Let Malaysia’s medical marvels help you overcome them. Contact us now to know more about orthopaedic treatments and surgeries in Malaysia.